The Elephanta Caves are a cluster of caves situated at Gharapuri at the Elephanta Island within the Mumbai Harbour. This island located on a projection of the Arabian Sea comprises of cave agencies, the primary organization consists of 5 Hindu caves and the second two Buddhist caves. The Hindu caves comprise of the stone rock-reduce sculptures dedicated to the Hindu God, Lord Shiva and represent the Hindu sect Shaiva. The caves are carved out of basalt stable rock. The rock-cut cave structure dates back to the period of fifth-8th century. The Cave 1 or the Great or Main cave became the haven of worship of Hindu deities. After the Portuguese started to rule, the caves had been damaged to a great extent. These caves had been repaired and are preserved now as UNESCO World Heritage Site from the year 1987 and now it’s far looked after with the aid of the ASI or Archaeological Survey of India.
The historians have dated the Elephanta Caves and accept as true with to belong to the duration of the fifth-8th century. The caves are of historical significance and may be traced to the defeat of the Mauryan Rulers reining the Konkan nation through the emperor Pulakesi belonging to the Badami Chalukya dynasty in the struggle of 635 AD. Some historians declare that the caves belong to the Konkan Mauryans. Others claim that the caves belong to the Kalachuris.